FAMILY TIMELINE
1400 - 2006

Table of historical events related to family members in their life time
Currently under reconstruction

Year
Historical Event
Family Event
Family Event
Family Event
1400
Richard II of England dies by means unknown in Pontefract Castle.  
1425 Beijing, capital of China, becomes the largest city of the world  
1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.  
1487
Italian architects begin to build the Kremlin in Moscow.
 
1505 Henry VIII of England repudiates his engagement to Catherine of Aragon  
1527 Spanish & German troops led by the Duke of Bourbon sack Rome, forcing Pope Clement VII to make peace with Charles V.  
1529 Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York, fails to bring about the divorce and annulment for Henry VIII  Robert Leopard born
1540 One of the most important political figures of the reign of Henry VIII of England, Thomas Cromwell, is executed   
1541 The Portuguese defeat the Muslims near Lake Tana.  
1542 Queen Mary I of Scotland (Mary, Queen of Scots) becomes queen at the age of only one week.  
1563 The English surrender Le Havre to the French after a siege  
1564 Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death.  
1565 The city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is founded.  
1567 The Rugby School, one of the oldest public schools in England, is founded.  
1568 Mary Queen of Scots escapes from Loch Leven Castle.  
1573 The first Spanish galleon laden with silver for the porcelain and silk trade with the Ming Dynasty of China lands at Manila in the Philippines.  
1574        
1581        
1582        
1586        
1587        
1588        
1589        
1591        
1594        
1599        
1603        
1619        
1632
Charles I of England issues charter for the colony of Maryland John Bashford born
1657
Post Office established by Act of Parliament Simon Bashford born
1660
Restoration of British monarchy (Charles II) Mary Bashford born in London
1665
Great Plague of London kills over 60,000  John Bashford born
1666
Great Fire of London
1680
Dodo becomes extinct in Mauritius  Joseph Bashford born
1686
Release of all prisoners held for their religious beliefs Thomas Bashford born
1694
Mary II death leaves William III as sole ruler Simon Bashford born
1713
Treaty of Utrecht  Joseph Bashford born
1741
Handel's Messiah first performed in Dublin  John Bashford born
1743
Battle of Dettingen Mary Bashford born
1745
Bonnie Prince Charlie lands in the  Highlands Lydia Miles born
1753
Private collection of Sir Hans Sloane forms the basis of the Brtish Museum Joseph Bashford born
1756
Seven Years War with France (Pitt's trade war) begins William Bashford born
Richard Allam born
1758
Horatio Nelson born (British Admiral)    
1763
Treaty of Paris  James Bashford born
1766
Start of 'composite' national records on Rainfall in the UK  John Bashford born at Cuckfield
1768
The first edition of the "Encyclopaedia Britannica" published  William Atkin born Sarah Bashford born
1778
Louis XVI of France declares war on UK Richard Allam born    
1784
First golf club founded at St Andrews William Bashford born
1785
Sunday School Society founded to educate poor children  Elizabeth Bashford born
1786
Mozart Marriage of Figaro James Bashford born William Allam born Andrew Allam born
1787
MCC established at Thomas Lord's ground Joseph Bashford born
1788
Law passed requiring that chimney sweepers be a minimum of 8 years old William Bashford born William Atkin marries Hannah Greasley James Boseley born
1789
The French Revolution begins – storming of the Bastille  John Bashford born
1790
Forth and Clyde Canal opened in Scotland  William Atkin born
1791
Sugar prices rise steeply  Ann Bashford born
1792
Coal-gas lighting invented  John Bashford born Sarah Bashford born
1794
Whitney patents the cotton gin Elizabeth Bashford born William Bashford born
1795
Marriage of King George IV to Caroline of Brunswick Lydia Bashford born
1796
Dr Edward Jenner gave first vaccination for smallpox George Bashford born Samual Bashford born
1797
First £1 note issued by Bank of England  Ann Atkin born Walham, Lincolnshire
1798
Battle of the Nile  Henry Bashford born Elizabeth Bashford born
1799
Foundation of Royal Military College Sandhurst Sarah Bashford born
1800
Electric light first produced by Sir Humphrey Davy  Celia Bashford born Lucy Harding born Edmund Bashford born
1802
Regular mail service started between England and India  Catherine Bashford born
1804
Spain declares war on Britain Naomi Bashford born
1806
Napoleon attempts European economic blockade of Britain Ruth Bashford born
1807
The slave trade is abolished in UK & Ireland Patience Young born    
1808
Peninsular War (1808-1814)  William Allam born in Islip, Ox Sarah Bashford born William Allam born
1810
John McAdam begins road construction in England John Henry Bashford born John Allam born
1813
Rose's Act (1812) established for baptism & burial registers Thomas Atkin born
1814
Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba Charles Davis born
1815
The Battle of Waterloo Edwin John Bashford born
1818
Manchester cotton spinners' strike  William Capes born William Frances Bashford born
1819
Singapore founded by Sir Stamford Raffles William Bashford born Richard Brooker Bashford born
1820
Accession of George IV William Boseley born
1821
Napoleon Bonaparte dies on St Helena  Hannah Elizabeth Bashford born John Swan born John Bashford born
1822
Caledonian canal opened  Sarah Golding born Mary Ann Miller born William Bashford born
1823
Peel begins penal reforms Albert Bashford born Emma Bashford born George Bashford born
1824
RSPCA established Newman Boseley born
1826
Royal Zoological Society established in London  Henry James Bashford born
1827
Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer dies Christopher Atkin born in Lincolnshire George Bashford born John Allam born
1829
First Oxford/Cambridge Boat Race Ruth Bashford born
1830
George IV dies, William IV, accedes to the throne  Elth Fisher born Caroline Bashford born
1831
Darwin sails on HMS Beagle to survey coral formations  Celia Bashford murdered in Brighton Charlotte Boseley born Frederick Scrase born
1833
Factory Act forbids employment of children below age of 9  Elizabeth Thundercliffe born Hannah Relf born
1834
Slavery abolished in British possessions  Henry Thornhill born Elizabeth Bashford born
1835
Christmas becomes a national holiday  Alfred Fox born
1836
First Potato famine in Ireland Abrahams Bashford born Benjamin Bucknall born
1837
William IV dies – accession of Queen Victoria Sarah Allam born Ann Rebecca Bashford born
1838
First ocean steamers to the U.S. – SS Great Western Cordelia Bashford born Emma Bashford born
1839
Bicycle invented George M Atkin born in Lincolnshire
1840
Last convicts landed in NSW  William Edward Cutler born William Bashford born
1841
Penny Red replaces Penny Black postage stamp  Joseph Davis born
1843
Brunel's 'Great Britain' launched Phobes Allam born Joseph Bashford born Mary Ann Bashford born
1845
Potato famine in Ireland  Hiram Davis born Jane Swan born
1846
Anaesthetic used for the first time in England Amelia Bashford born Angelina Boseley born
1847
Ten Hours Act shortens factory work day to ten hours for women and children  William H Allam born Thomas Capes born Sarah Swan born
1848
California gold rush  Henry C Davis born Sydling, Dorset Henry C Davis born William John Bashford born
1849
Civil Registration of Births in Isle of Man started George JE Bashford born William Bashford born Lewis Boseley born
1850
Tennyson succeeds Wordsworth as Poet Laureate Robert Capes born William Lynn born Charles Atkin born
1851
Window Tax replaced by House Duty  Maria Davis born Israel Stickley born
1852
Tasmania ceases to be a convict settlement  Jane Capes born John Swan born Cordelia Bashford born
1853
'The big stink' – smell of the River Thames forced Parliament to stop work  George Capes born Elizabeth Eveleigh born John Robinson born
1854
Cigarettes introduced into Britain  Jane Reeves born Robert Atkinson born Elizabeth Louisa Bashford born
1855
Livingstone finds the Victoria Falls Ann Lister born Stephan Swan born Emma Jane Bashford born
1856
End of Crimean War Abrahams Thomas Bashford born Mary Ann Bashford born
1857
Indian Mutiny Mary Swan born
1858
'Great Eastern' launched  Alfred Boseley born Agnes Bashford born Edward Bashford born
1860
Garibaldi's 'Red Shirts' conquer Sicily and Naples  Christopher Atkin born Evelina Fisher born Cordelia Bashford born
1861
American Civil War begins  Charles Alfred Boseley born Ellen Swan born Joseph John Bashford born
1862
Gatling patents his machine gun  Percy Eyden born Charles Atkin born Edward Atkin born
1863
London's first Underground Railway opens Mary Ann Scrase born
1864
Red Cross established  Thomas Boseley born Sarah Atkin born Tom Atkin born
1865
End of American Civil War – slavery abolished in USA  George E Boseley born in Leeds, Kent
1866
Marquis of Queensbury rules accepted for boxing  John Atkin born Elizabeth Bucknall born
1867
Dominion of Canada founded Thomas Swan born George Atkin born Bertram Bashford born
1868
Last convicts landed in Australia  James Scrase born Esther Ellen Saxelby born Mary J Atkin born
1869
Cutty Sark launched  Sarah Cutler born Alfred Fox born Ann Ellen Bashford born
1870
Telegraph link to India first open  Selena Allam born Charles H Davis born Eugene Atkin born
1871
Stanley finds Livingstone in Africa William H Allam born John Capes born Agnes Selina Bashford born
1872
Penny-farthing bicycles in general use  Ellen Susan Lumkin born Catherine Holden born Catherine Bashford born
1873
Glidden invents barbed wire  Elizabeth Capes born Sarah H Woodall born William Atkin born
1874
Disraeli and the Tories come to power in Britain Frederick William Allam born in Islip Martha Woodall born Albert Bashford born
1875
Captain Webb swims channel  Maria Sophia Thornhill born Dorney Margret Lynn Born Ruth Holden born
1876
Alexander Graham Bell invents telephone  Walter Davis born William Lynn Born George Atkin born
1877
Edison invents microphone and phonograph  Alice Cutler born Andrew Allam born John Murrey Grindle born
1878
Red Flag Act in Britain limits mechanical road vehicles to 4mph  Henry Thornhill born Betsy Lilley born Etty Holden born
1879
Tay Bridge Disaster – bridge collapsed in storm  Agnes Allam born Christopher Atkin born Richard Cutler born
1880
Greenwich Mean Time adopted throughout UK Edith May Newton Atkinson born William Thornhill born Lilly Florence Bashford born
1881
Flogging abolished in Army and Royal Navy William Edward Cutler born Albert Grindle born Edward John Thornhill born
1882
Institution of 'the Ashes' in cricket  Benjamin Atkin born Humberstone Gertrude Annie Grindle born London Leo Holzman born
1883
Brooklyn Bridge, New York opens  Alice Capes born Emily Davis born John Swan born
1884
Standard Meridian  – Greenwich made prime meridian of the world  Frederick S Atkin born John Henry Bashford born
1885
Fall of Khartoum, General Gordon killed William Swan born Harold Atkin born Leslie Atkin born
1886
Mersey railway (under Mersey) opened by Prince of Wales Alice Davis born William Eveleigh born Emily Bashford born
1887
Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee Frederick Grindle born Marion Atkin born Septimus Atkin born
1888
Dunlop invents pneumatic tyre  Harriett Fox born Charles Eveleigh born Hubert Swan born
1889
Eiffel Tower completed  Elise Cutler born Emes Bashford born Frances Bashford born
1890
London's first electric Underground Henry Davis born Burton Bradstock Mary Eveleigh born
1891
Primary education made free and compulsory  Henry Bashford born Clara Fox born Laura Swan born
1892
Electric oven invented  Ernest George Boseley born Edward Davis born Bertram Charles Bashford born
1893
Keir Hardy founds Independent Labour Party Annie Fox born Alice Bashford born
1894
Tower Bridge first opens  Clement Maxwell born Ellen Davis born Edith Bashford born
1895
Marconi invents wireless telegraphy  Lilian Boseley born Percy Bashford born
1896
Klondyke Gold Rush in the Yukon  Reginald Davis born in Devon Winifred Cooper born George Fox born
1897
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee Alfred Davis born May Allam born Majorie Allam born
1898
Zeppelin builds airship  Bertie Allam born Gertrude Fox born Susan Atkin born
1899
Second Boer War Blanche Davis born Jessie Atkin born James Scrase born
1900
Relief of Mafeking Thomas Atkin born Walter Davis born Edith Davis born
1901
Queen Victoria dies – Edward VII king William Boseley born Ivy Thornhill born Frederick Allam marries Gertrude Grindle
1902
Marie Curie discovers radioactivity George Boseley born
1903
First flight of Wilbur & Orville Wright  Alfred Allam born at Deptford, London Edward Boseley born
1904
Puccini Madame Butterfly  Ester Doris Furber born
1905
Einstein publishes theory of relativity  Winifred Lynn born at Lambeth, London
1907
First airship flies over London  Norman Birch Davies born Edith Rootes born
1909
Bleriot flies across the Channel Harold Swan born
1912
Titanic sinks on maiden voyage  William Longmate born Margaret Helena Swift born
1913
Suffragette demonstrations in London – Mrs Pankhurst imprisoned Gertrude Andrews born Vincent Holzman born George E Boseley dies
1914
Start of WWI in Europe Benjamin Atkin born Lincolnshire
1915
Second Battle of Ypres – poison gas used for first time  Rose Atkin born Maria Holzman born Margaret Barnes born
1916
Lloyd-George becomes British Prime Minister Joseph Holzman born
1917
USA declares war on Germany(WWI) Robert Atkin born Lincolnshire
1918
End of WWI Edith Newton Atkinson dies Bertram Charles Bashford dies
1919
Treaty of Versailles Kathina Holzman born
1920
Prohibition starts in USA Alec Douglas Davis born in Dorset Lily Annie Bashford born
1921
Irish Free State and Northern Ireland formed Arlene Weldy born Jeanie Mason born
1922
Tomb of Tutankhamen discovered in Egypt  Haidee Fox born Winifred Heath born
1923
Mussolini becomes dictator of Italy Frederick Frank Bashford born
1924
Death of Lenin; succeeded by Stalin Reginald Davis born
1925
Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf. Joyce Gladman born
1926
General Strike George JE Bashford born
1927
Lindbergh makes solo flight across the Atlantic  Anthony Thomas Fox born Alfred Allam marries Winifred Lynn
1928
Women over 21 get vote in Britain  Margaret Allam born
1929
Abolition of Poor Law system in Britain  Len Woodgate born Peter William Boseley born
1930
First Nazis elected to the German Reichstag  Raymond Allam born
1931
Empire State Building completed in New York  Judith Maxwell born
1933
Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany  Colin Swan born
1938
Chamberlain visits Hitler in Munich – promises 'peace in our time'  Patrica Allam born Bryan Cutler born Sonia Dart born
1940
Evacuation of British Army at Dunkirk  Jean Davies born
1941
German battleship Bismarck is sunk in North Atlantic James Allam born
1942
Germans defeated at Stalingrad  James LeRoy Holzman born
1943
Dam Buster' raids on Ruhr dams by RAF  Robert Atkin marries Haidee Fox Zofia Ogrodzka born
1944
D-Day Normandy Landings WWII Bruce Atkin born Christopher Atkin born
1945
End of WWII Joseph Martin Holzman born Pauline Bateman born John Davies born
1946
National Health Service starts in Britain  June Swan born Clement Maxwell dies Margaret Allam marries Reginald Davis
1947
Most severe winter in Britain for 53 years at start of the year – heavy snow and much flooding Brenda Allam born at Hastings Richard Davis born
1948
Gandhi assassinated  David Moore born Jacqueline Anne Holzman born
1949
Clothes rationing ends in Britain  Maxine Davis born
1950
Korean War starts Virginia Jane Atkin born Brighton Alfred Allam die in Robertsbridge
1952
George VI dies; Elizabeth II queen
1953
Everest conquered by Hillary and Tensing  Julitta Alice Holzman born
1954
Food rationing officially ends in Britain  Jolene Holzman born
1955
Anthony Eden becomes Prime Minister  Stephan Davis born Dolores Gomez-Carrille born Leo L Holzman born
1957
Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister Lilian Davies born Lorriane Boseley born
1958
Munich air disaster – Manchester United team members killed  Wayne Danel Boseley born Geraldine S Bashford born Colin Swan marries Patricia Allam
1959
BMC Mini car launched  Malcomb Joynson born Kevin Clarke born
1960
Russian Sputnik orbits carrying two live dogs Colin Davis born Maria Sophia Thornhill dies Gregory Bashford born
1961
Yuri Gagarin first man in space  Joan Holzman born Valerie Davies born Stacey Graham Bashford born
1962
Cuba missile crisis  Clare Swan born
1963
'Great Train Robbery' on Glasgow to London mail train  Stephanie Bashford born
1964
First 'Top of the Pops' on BBC TV  Dean Raymond Atkin born Tim Bartsch born
1965
First astronauts 'walk' in space  Danielle Shirley Boseley born Ruth Swan born
1967
Donald Campbell killed on Coniston Water  Bruce Atkin marries Brenda Allam Gregory William Boseley born
1968
Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy both assassinated in USA Virginia Atkin marries James Holzman
1969
Maiden flight of Concorde  Winifred Allam dies Percy John Bashford dies
1970
Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister  Phillip Cutler born
1971
Decimalisation of coinage in Britain  Peter Atkin born at Sidcup Monique Holzman born Joanne Elizabeth Longmate born
1972
Duke of Windsor (ex-King Edward 8) dies in Paris  Heather Atkin born at Barnet Mark Stewart born
1973
Britain enters EEC Common Market  Judith Rosemary Maxwell dies Betsy Lilley dies
1974
President Nixon resigns over Watergate Gary Raymond born Emma Davis born Benjamin Atkin dies
1975
End of Vietnam war  Gary Douglas Little born Reginald Davis dies
1976
Concorde enters supersonic passenger service 
Nathan Keeley born
1977
Elvis Presley dies  Sarah Davis born Lucy Davies born
1978
Pope John Paul II elected – a Pole Michael Moore born Wendy Charlolle Longmate born Lewis Keeley born
1979
Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran  Sasha Holzman born Craig Robert Little born
1980
John Lennon assassinated in New York Keith James Longmate born
1981
First London marathon run  Tony LeSage born
Adrian Davis born
1982
Argentina invades Falklands Liam Cunniffe born Graham Boseley born
1983
Seat belt law comes into force  Thomas Cooper born Jennifer Boseley born
1984
IRA bomb explodes at Tory conference hotel in Brighton Tyler Peck born Krystal Atkin born
1986
Chernobyl nuclear accident  Ester Doris Furber dies Matthew Clarke born Sarah Cooper born
1987
'Hurricane' sweeps southern England  Billie Atkin born Matasha Peck born James Bashford born
1988
Lockerbie disaster – Pan Am flight 103  Lucy Joynson born
1989
Berlin Wall torn down Raymond Allam dies Danel Clarke born Alexander Bartsch born
1991
Helen Sharman is first British Astronaut in Space Emma Paddington born Emma Joynson born Scott Clack born
1992
Coal industry privatised  Margaret Helena Swift dies William Boseley dies
1993
Ratification of Maastricht Treaty Larissa Boseley born
1994
Channel Tunnel open to traffic  Toni Clack born
1995
Nick Leeson brings down Barings 
Joseph Holzman dies Glen Atkin born
1996
BSE beef scare in UK  David Moore dies Sean Atkin born Brittany Boseley born
1997
Diana, Princess of Wales killed in car crash in Paris Brenna Boseley born Mitchell Boseley born
1998
Good Friday peace agreement in Northern Ireland Heather Atkin marries Phillip Cutler
1999
World population reaches 6 billion  Norman Birch Davies dies
2000
London Eye opens Micheal Longmate dies
2002
Queen Mother dies, aged 101 years  Conner Atkin-LeSage born Madaline Raymond born George Joseph Bashford born
2003
Last commercial flight of Concorde  Jack Cutler born Peter Atkin marries Jo Longmate
2006
Winter Olympics open in Turin, Italy. Robert Atkin dies
2007   Bethany Grace Cutler born

2008   Godfrey Swaby dies Henry James Raymond born

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